Wednesday, November 28, 2018

Physical Therapy Conferences 2019

A person may have knee surgery to treat pain in the joint due to an injury, such as torn cartilage or a torn ligament. It can also treat other conditions, such as osteoarthritis, #rheumatoid_arthritis, and post-traumatic arthritis.

This article will look at the different types of knee surgery, the #rehabilitation timelines, and what people can do to help speed up the recovery process.

Kinesiology Conferences

Types of knee surgery
There are various types of #knee_surgery. The type that a person has will depend on the particular injury to the knee joint.

These include:

Total knee replacement

A person who has #osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis may require #knee_replacement surgery.
This is the most common kind of knee surgery for #arthritis. The operation involves replacing the whole joint. Surgeons only undertake total knee replacement surgery as a last resort, often when the joint is irreparable, the damage interferes with everyday life, and other treatments do not alleviate the pain.

More than 600,000 knee replacements take place in the United States every year.

During the procedure, a surgeon will remove the joint and replace it with one made from metal, ceramic, or plastic.

Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgery that involves making a small cut in the skin over the knee, inserting a small light, and using small instruments to diagnose and treat knee problems, including:
  • removing or repairing torn menisci, which are part of the cartilage in the knee joint
  • repairing a torn cruciate ligament inside the knee
  • trimming torn pieces of joint cartilage
  • removing loose bodies, which are small fragments of cartilage or bone floating inside the knee
  • removing an inflamed joint lining

This is an operation that involves the #surgeon cutting, reshaping, and repositioning the bones to take some weight off the damaged part of the knee.

Sometimes, surgeons carry out this procedure to help correct a broken bone that has not healed properly.

Monday, October 15, 2018

International Conference on Kinesiology and Biomechanics

UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. – Mary Jane De Souza, professor of kinesiology and #physiology at Penn State, is the recipient of the 2018 Citation Award from the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM).

The ACSM Citation Award recognizes career achievement for outstanding research contributions to advancing science. De Souza received the award on June 1 in Minneapolis, Minnesota, at the ACSM national meeting.
I am most delighted to receive such recognition for my research contributions,” De Souza said. “It is a huge honor to be recognized in this way and I a humbled to be a recipient of this prestigious award. It is rewarding for me to be acknowledged in this way, and for my research contributions over the past thirty years to be held in such high esteem.”

De Souza has been a faculty member at Penn State since 2008. Her research focus is on the complex interplay between metabolic, reproductive and skeletal physiology in exercising women. Specifically, she has investigated interactions between #exercise and diet on the regulation of the female reproductive system and bone turnover.

Over the years, she has conducted interventional studies using an array of drug therapies, hormonal modulations, and lifestyle interventions that targeted translational outcomes while exploring underlying physiological mechanisms and she had published more than 100 research papers and books chapters in medical journals.

Additionally, De Souza has extended her influence on the study of women’s health by mentoring multiple post-doctoral scholars, graduate students and undergraduates in her laboratory.

Her contributions to sports medicine and exercise science include: educating and training the next generation of scholars in women’s health research, and translating research findings on the interactions of exercise and diet on the regulation of the reproductive system and skeletal system in girls and women into clinical practice.

For more information on the ACSM, its awards and its annual meeting, visit

Friday, October 12, 2018

Kinesiology and Biomechanics (Physical Therapy)Conference-2018

What Is the Feldenkrais Method?

ONE OF THE MOST difficult aspects of dining out for Maria Lee wasn't deciding what to order or calculating whether she could spare the expense. It was getting up from her chair.

"[Anyone else] might just put the chair back and, with equal weight on both feet, use the legs and core to stand up. Well, I can't do that," says Lee, 62, a retired computer scientist in Houston who has scleroderma, an autoimmune disease that can cause the skin and other connective tissues to harden. "There was a point where I was literally hanging on to the table and, of course, this doesn't make you inconspicuous at a restaurant."

Today, Lee's restaurant exits are more graceful. She slides to the end of her chair, rests her hands on the end of the table and twists to gain the momentum her spine needs to stand. She uses the same technique to get off the floor and out of bed. While a few years ago she struggled to pull back her comforter, her functioning is now at about 90 percent.

What changed? In addition to medical treatments including two hand surgeries prior to her diagnosis and steroids, which she takes in lower doses than she used to, Lee credits the Feldenkrais Method, a sort of movement education practice, with enhancing her quality of life. "[Feldenkrais] is a different modality; you have to be patient, but over time, a little bit at a time, I saw vast improvements," Lee says. "It's really been a miracle for me."

Felden What?

The Feldenkrais Method of Somatic Education defines the practice as "a form of somatic education that uses gentle movement and directed attention to improve movement and enhance human functioning." In either group lessons that use only verbal instruction or one-on-one sessions that are hands-on, students learn to notice how parts of their bodies – often those as ignored as a single rib – feel, move and fit together using a series of nearly 1,000 movements developed by an Israeli physicist who believed that traditional rehabilitation exercises weren't based on proper body mechanics.

"They're all rooted in a basic human function like grasping or turning or looking, but when people stand up and walk around, they find that things have been reorganized," says Lee's teacher, MaryBeth Smith, founder and director of the Feldenkrais Center of Houston. "It's like their personal furniture has been moved and it feels different to walk, it feels different to just stand."

Over time, it's believed that the novel, gentle movements spur the brain to rewire itself such that old movements or positions can be achieved in new ways. In effect, students might find that #Feldenkrais helps relieve muscle and joint pain, eases anxiety, enhances athletic and artistic performance, deepens sleep, improves balance and coordination, boosts cognitive function, fosters peace of mind and more. Even Lee's husband, a physician and recreational tennis player, and son, a 20-something CrossFit enthusiast, have attended Feldenkrais lessons and appreciated their relaxing nature and injury-prevention benefits.

But Does It Work?

Strong research on the Feldenkrais is thin, but promising – especially when it comes to how it can benefit the musculoskeletal system, says Ullmann, whose research found that a Feldenkrais intervention improved older adults' balance and mobility, which can help prevent falls. Another study of 53 people with low back pain found that the Feldenkrais Method was as effective as a more traditional education and rehabilitation intervention in improving pain and disability. "People who are having pain are less likely to engage in physical activity … so mind-body exercises are easier to handle," she says.

Other research hints that the method's benefits go deeper – even benefiting the brain and mental health. One albeit small 2016 study by Ullmann, for example, found that a four-week Feldenkrais intervention improved three older women's ability to complete a common test of cognitive functioning. Another randomized trial of 30 people with Parkinson's disease found that the method improved their quality of life and reduced depression symptoms more than a control group that received educational lectures.

"There's evidence to show it works for some people," says Jill Whittal, a professor of physical therapy and rehabilitation science at the University of Maryland School of Medicine, "it's just not good evidence."

But there is good news for those interested in trying it: Save the cost (group lessons run around $20 and one-on-one sessions may be over $100), it's risk-free. "I would never think of it being detrimental to you; it could give you a lot of awareness of your body," says Clark, who points out that different types or combinations of therapies work for different people. "Find what resonates with you." And that includes the practitioner, she says.

For Lee, whose doctors support her work with Smith, the Feldenkrais Method isn't a substitute for medical treatment, but rather the boost she needed to go from simply living to living optimally. "The kinds of thoughts and exercises and evaluation that we do in Feldenkrais," she says, "really gave me a tool set to get back on the road to health."

Wednesday, October 10, 2018

Marathon Bomb Survivors Inspire Medical Advances

BOSTON (AP) — IN THE five years since the Boston Marathon bombing, medical science has made promising advances in amputations and #artificial_limbs, in part because of lessons learned from the victims and research dollars made available as a result of the attack.


Some of the 17 people who lost limbs in the April 15, 2013, bombing could, like many other amputees, benefit from these developments, since many are coming to a crossroads in their treatment. A number still struggle with pain, and others may be looking to replace their prostheses, which are approaching the end of their useful life.

“The collective experience in the aftermath of the Boston Marathon bombing was a very positive one in the medical community because there was a lot of crosstalk between military and civilian surgeons,” said Dr. Benjamin Potter, chief of orthopedics at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center in Maryland, where three survivors were treated and doctors are attempting some of the cutting-edge procedures.

“That exchange and that dialogue has been one of the silver linings to have come out of this, in that we’re hopefully better educated and better prepared for the next one.”

Among other places where research is taking place is Boston, where doctors are working to combine an improved amputation method with more sophisticated artificial limbs so that amputees can one day use their brains to control their prostheses.

The project grew out of lessons learned by Boston doctors treating victims of the marathon attack. It was also made possible by $200,000 in seed funding from the Gillian Reny Stepping Strong Center for Trauma Innovation, a foundation launched by the family of a bombing survivor treated at Brigham & Women’s Hospital.

“One of the things the bombings crystallized for me was the need to improve amputations,” said Dr. Matthew Carty, a Brigham & Women’s surgeon who is developing the new amputation technique. “We’ve made amazing advances in #prosthetics technology – really by leaps and bounds – but the way we do amputations hasn’t kept up to speed with the capabilities that exist now.”

The new lower-leg amputation technique, which has so far been done on seven people, preserves tendons normally severed during an amputation. #Tendons connect #muscles to bone and are necessary to move one’s limbs.

The hope is that researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology can then develop technology that will translate brain signals into movement of an artificial leg. Amputees might one day even be able to perceive sensations through their prostheses.

“We’re systematically redesigning the body along with synthetics in order to maximize communication between the body and the machine,” said Hugh Herr, co-director of the Center for Extreme #Bionics at MIT and a partner with Carty on the project. “It’s remarkably exciting.

For further details

Monday, October 8, 2018

Stem cell therapy restores arm, hand movement for paralyzed man

A 21-year-old man left paralyzed after a spinal cord injury has regained the use of his arms and hands, thanks to an experimental stem cell treatment performed by researchers from the Keck Medical Center at the University of Southern California.

In March of this year, Kristopher (Kris) Boesen, from Bakersfield, CA, was involved in a car accident, in which he suffered severe trauma to his cervical spine that left him paralyzed from the neck down and unable to breathe without assistance.

Physical Therapy Conference: Kinesiology 2018-Singapore
Doctors told Kris that he might never regain the use of his limbs; current surgical procedures for spinal cord injury focus on stabilizing the spine to prevent further damage, but they rarely improve movement and sensation.

Kris then learned of a clinical trial – led by Dr. Edward D. Wirth III, chief medical director of Asterias Biotherapeutics – looking to enroll patients with spinal cord injury.

The ongoing trial is testing a novel therapy involving injections of AST-OPC1 – an agent consisting of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) that derive from embryonic stem cells. OPCs are the myelin-forming cells of the brain and spinal cord that help nerve cells to function.

According to Asterias Biotherapeutics – the developer of AST-OPC1 – preclinical trials of the agent in models of spinal cord injury have shown it leads to “reduction of the size of the injury cavity, restoration of the protective ‘myelin’ coating on nerve cells, production of factors that stimulate nerve cell growth, and recruitment of blood vessels to deliver oxygen and nutrients to the site.”

In order to take part in the trial – named “SCiStar” – patients need to be able to breathe without the help of a ventilator. Though it normally takes 3 weeks to wean a patient off assisted breathing, with the help of a dedicated respiratory team, Kris managed it in 5 days.

After further tests, he was confirmed as being eligible to take part in the trial.

For further details please visit

(International Conference on Kinesiology and Biomechanics)

Friday, October 5, 2018

Patients with chronic pain feel caught in an opioid-prescribing debate

It started with a rolled #ankle during a routine Army training #exercise. Shannon Hubbard never imagined it was the prologue to one of the most debilitating pain conditions known to exist, called ­­­­­­­complex regional #pain_syndrome.

The condition causes the nervous system to go haywire, creating pain disproportionate to the actual #injury. It can also affect how the body regulates temperature and blood flow.

For Hubbard, it manifested years ago following surgery on her foot — a common way for it to take hold.

“My leg feels like it’s on fire pretty much all the time. It spreads to different parts of your body,” the 47-year-old veteran said.

Hubbard props up her leg, careful not to graze it against the kitchen table in her home east of Phoenix. It’s red and swollen, still scarred from an ulcer that landed her in the #hospital a few months ago.

“That started as a little blister and four days later it was like the size of a baseball,” she said. “They had to cut it open and then it got infected, and because I have blood flow issues, it doesn’t heal.”

She knows it’s likely to happen again.

“Over the past three years, I’ve been prescribed over 60 different medications and combinations; none have even touched the pain,” she said.

Hubbard said she’s had injections and even traveled across the country for infusions of ketamine, an anesthetic that can be used for #pain in extreme cases. Her #doctors have discussed amputating her leg because of the frequency of the infections.

“All I can do is manage the pain,” she said. “Opioids have become the best solution.”

For about nine months, Hubbard was on a combination of short- and long-acting opioids. She said it gave her enough relief to start leaving the house again and do physical therapy.

But in April that changed. At her monthly appointment, her #pain doctor informed her the dose was being lowered. “They had to take one of the pills away,” she said.

Hubbard knew the rules were part of Arizona’s new opioid law, which places restrictions on prescribing and limits the maximum dose for most patients. She also knew the law wasn’t supposed to affect her — an existing patient with #chronic_pain.

Hubbard argued with the doctor, without success. “They didn’t indicate there was any medical reason for cutting me back. It was simply because of the pressure of the opioid rules.”

Her dose was lowered from 100 morphine milligram equivalents daily (MME) to 90, the highest dose allowed for many new patients in Arizona. She said her pain has been “terrible” ever since.

“It just hurts,” she said. “I don’t want to walk, I pretty much don’t want to do anything.”

Hubbard’s condition may be extreme, but her situation isn’t unique. Faced with skyrocketing drug overdoses, states are cracking down on opioid prescribing. Increasingly, some patients with chronic pain like Hubbard say they are becoming collateral damage.

For further details please visit
Email us at
Gia Aaron
Program Director | Kinesiology 2018

Thursday, October 4, 2018

Leader in #Biomechanics Dies

Duke’s Steven Vogel studied how plants and animals adapt to the physical world.

Steven Vogel, a Duke University researcher who helped launch the field of biomechanics, passed away last week (November 24). He was 75.

Kinesiology and Biomechanics 2018
Vogel was known for his creativity and resourcefulness, inventing his own experimental contraptions and raising funds for #research rather than applying for grants. “Nobody excelled at getting more science per unit budget than Vogel,” former colleague and entrepreneur Chuck Pell said in an obituary in Duke Today. “He once set himself a budget of five dollars to answer a research question. He did it for less than half of that.”

Vogel studied a wide variety of organisms in myriad conditions, primarily to understand how they adapt to fluid forces, such as wind or waves. According to his web page, “he has worked on such things as the design of fly wings for producing lift and of moth antennae for transmitting air.”

After earning his PhD from Harvard University in 1966, Vogel joined Duke and spent the rest of his career there until retiring in 2006. During his research career he penned 10 books.

Vogel is survived by his wife, son, daughter-in-law, sister, and three grandchildren.

aquatic, #biomechanics, flight, fluid, #dynamics, obituary

Smart robot enhances kinesiology and speech classes at Scranton campus

International Conference on
Kinesiology and Biomechanics

A robotic video capture platform is well on its way to transforming #kinesiology and speech education at Penn State Scranton.

Previously piloted at other college campuses, including Penn State Berks, there are many uses for the robotic platform known as Swivl. The smart robot turns a tablet or smartphone into a video capture system that will scan a room at command and stop to focus where it is needed.

Instructors at the Scranton campus have explored Swivl’s uses by recording students speaking so they may enhance their speech communication skills, and analyze their escape tactics in personal defense situations.

In the kinesiology department, assistant teaching professor Gina Gray has been using the smart robot to give students more opportunities to work on both their physical and verbal strengths and weaknesses. The technology serves as a great tool for a class that is always on the move.

“I do a lot of skill assessment types of things and the video is great to have because that’s another source of input for them besides just hearing it from me, then they can actually watch themselves and see how they do,” Gray said.

The pilot was funded by the Scranton campus IT budget and spearheaded by campus instructional designer Griff Lewis. The campus has funded a variety of projects involving emerging technologies over the years. Lewis said these pilots have revolved around educational technology such as podcasting and clickers, fulfilling the campus’ mission to continue to provide innovative technologies in the classroom that will enhance students’ learning.

“Swivl and other initiatives like our campus One Button Studio, as well as support of University-wide pilots like Open Educational Resources, enable hybrid courses, providing flexibility for our students,” said Lewis. “Many have jobs, families and other commitments that could prevent them from enrolling in programs; using technology enables flexible, quality instructional delivery. Our students benefit from both the ability to review recorded instruction when their schedule allows, and the feedback provided by recording their own performances in their classes.”

In Gray’s classes, the technology was received positively and proved to be beneficial to the students.

In being recorded through the movable platform, Gray said students in the fall Ultimate Frisbee class were able to have their gameplay recorded, watch videos of their teams, and analyze how they performed basic strategic concepts. Afterward, students would come back to class and implement some changes to the team strategy.

In the spring, Gray recorded students in her Personal Defense class and their interactions with one of the campus police officers, who would play the role of an attacker.

“Then they watched their video and they analyzed, ‘Did I have correct posture? Did I use the correct language? Did I use the correct escape techniques?'” Gray explained.

Students in the #kinesiology classes said that the use of the Swivl was a good opportunity to allow them to really engage with the course content. In Ultimate Frisbee, students felt that the Swivl helped them engage with each other because they were recorded as a team and had to do a team review.

Future plans for using the smart robot in other #kinesiology courses are in the works. Gray said she does have additional activity and sports-based courses in the fall that she may try to use it in to help students build upon their foundational skills.

For instructors in other disciplines, Gray sees the Swivl as a usable technology that does not require advanced technical knowledge.

“It can really be used in any kind of course experience; it doesn’t have to be an activity like I’m doing,” she said.

Another instructor at the Scranton campus who has been taking advantage of the technology is Jim Hart, lecturer in arts and humanities, who has been using it in his speech communication classes.

When Hart started teaching more than 20 years ago, VHS tapes were the only way students could record themselves.

“Once VHS started fading out, it became more difficult for me to record the students in the classroom,” he said. “When Griff approached me about this new piece of equipment, I was really excited about it.”

During the past fall and spring semesters, Hart used the Swivl in his Effective Speech and Small Group Communication courses. In the Effective Speech course, students used the Swivl to record their initial informative speech and later their persuasive speech.

Upon watching themselves and taking down notes on what could be improved, from how they actually sound to their mannerisms, Hart said that students gave a better speech the second time. Students agreed that the smart robot helped them improve upon their speech skills.

Not only was it beneficial for students in terms of improving their #speech communication skills, but the Swivl also definitely helped Hart in the grading procedure.

After watching students give their speeches in class, Hart said he goes back later to watch the recorded speeches. In doing this, he can see if he missed anything during class.

For the coming fall semester, Hart has been approved to continue the pilot in his courses and also will record some of his lectures with the Swivl. He said that he has a class in the fall where he teaches it in both a face-to-face and digital learning format, and he will upload all of his lectures to Box so students can view them on days they don’t need to be in the classroom.

“I love it,” Hart said. “Until something else comes down the pipe, hopefully I get to use the equipment as much as possible because I think it’s a great learning tool.”

Wednesday, October 3, 2018


The tailbone, or coccyx, is at the bottom of the spine and helps to support the pelvis. It is possible to injure or fracture the tailbone, causing inflammation and pain. Persistent tailbone pain is known as coccydynia.

The tailbone is triangular and consists of between three and five semi-fused bones. In humans, it is a non-functioning tail.

Many pelvic floor muscles insert into the tailbone, so injuries to this area may affect them too. These muscles assist in defecation, running, walking, and moving the legs. The pelvic floor also supports the vagina.

Performing specific stretches may help to relieve tension in the tailbone. In this article, we explain the tailbone stretches that people can use to relieve pain.


Tailbone pain exercises

People will typically have coccydynia, or persistent tailbone pain, when they are sitting or when something is putting pressure on the lower spine.

Sitting in the wrong position, falling backward, childbirth, and hypermobility can all injure the bone itself or the surrounding tissue and muscles. Tailbone pain is more common in females than in males.

In addition to relieving the pain of coccydynia, treatment should reduce inflammation and ease muscle tension.

A recent study found that people with coccydynia benefited from performing exercises to increase thoracic spine mobility and to stretch the piriformis and iliopsoas muscles in the buttocks and hips.

These #exercises reduced the participants' pain when sitting and increased the amount of pressure that they could withstand on the lower back before feeling pain.

The exercises below may help to relieve tailbone pain:

1. Single leg knee hug

This stretches the piriformis and the iliopsoas muscles, both of which can become tight and limit mobility in the pelvis. The piriformis originates from the tailbone and can irritate the sciatic nerve if it becomes inflamed.

Gently increasing the stretch over time will allow the range of movement to expand.
  1. Lie down on the back and extend the feet straight out.
  2. Bend one knee toward the chest.
  3. Hold onto the bent knee and pull it gently down into the chest.
  4. Hold for 30 seconds, then repeat on the other side.

2. Piriformis and glute cross leg stretch (thread the needle)

This stretches the piriformis as well as the glutes. The glutes are attached to the tailbone and walking or running can cause them to pull on it.

  1. Lie down on the back.
  2. Raise the knees toward the ceiling, keeping the feet flat on the floor.
  3. Bend the left leg closer into the body and rest the left ankle across the right knee.
  4. Loop the hands around the right thigh and gently pull it toward the chest for 30 seconds.
  5. Repeat on the other side.

3. Kneeling psoas stretch

The iliopsoas refers to the joined iliacus and psoas muscles. These hip #muscles help the hip to flex.

Stretching them can help to relieve tailbone pain as they often become stiff with prolonged sitting.

  1. Kneeling upright on the floor, move one leg in front and place the foot flat on the floor. The thigh should be at a 90-degree angle to the shin.
  2. Rest the shin and knee of the back leg on the ground with the toes pointing backward. Placing a towel under the back knee may be necessary for comfort.
  3. With the chest upright, rest the hands on the hips for stability.
  4. Tuck the pelvis under and lean forward slightly.
  5. Hold the stretch for 20–30 seconds.
  6. Repeat on the other side.

The #kneel and #twist_exercise stretches the iliopsoas while also improving mobility through the lower back.

A tight, immobile lower back can lead to lower back pain. This can result in other muscles, such as the pelvic floor and hip-opening muscles, becoming tight to compensate.

If the tailbone is sore and inflamed, overactive pelvic floor and hip-opening muscles will worsen these symptoms.
  1. Start in the same position as the kneeling psoas stretch with the front leg bent at a 90-degree angle in front of the body and the knee and shin of the back leg on the ground.
  2. Keeping the body upright, raise the arms to shoulder height out to the side.
  3. Focus on tucking the shoulder blades down and back to prevent the shoulders from rising.
  4. From the torso rotate slowly toward the left side of the body until the arms are almost in line with the legs. Then slowly return to the center and rotate toward the right side.
  5. Rotate 4–5 times to each side, only turning as far as it is possible to without any pain.

This stretch is a #yoga pose that helps to open the hips. It #stretches the iliopsoas, as well as the glute muscles on the bent leg.

This pose is not suitable for people with knee problems.
  1. Begin on all fours with the hands slightly in front of the shoulders and shoulder distance apart.
  2. Bring the left knee forward and place it slightly behind and to the left of the left hand with the ankle pointing toward the right hip bone.
  3. Slide the right leg back and keep it straight so that the thigh faces down toward the floor. If the hips are not square, tuck the back toe under to correct this.
  4. Lower the torso forward and rest on folded arms to increase the stretch if necessary.
  5. Hold this position for 30 seconds and repeat on the other side.
What to remember about tailbone stretches

The exercises above address some of the causes of tailbone pain.

As with all stretches and exercises, it is crucial to remain within a range of motion that does not cause pain or injury.

In addition to these exercises, other treatment methods may help to prevent and manage tailbone pain. These include:

  1. spending less time sitting
  2. cushioning seats
  3. massaging and manipulating the area
  4. having local injections of steroids or anesthetics
  5. making postural adjustments, such as adopting a better sitting position
  6. If tailbone pain is persistent, it is best to visit a doctor or physical therapist

Monday, October 1, 2018

Knee rehabilitation needs clinical guidelines to be better understood


Rehabilitation after total knee replacement is vital for the long-term recovery of the patient and their improved quality of life, however recent analysis on the benefits of outpatient versus inpatient rehabilitation is flawed due to inadequate clinical guidelines and issues surrounding data and the competing interests of its authors.
Post 15

The Australian Orthopaedic Association (AOA) believes that the medical profession needs to better understand patient needs and circumstances before judgements are made about the benefits of a particular program of post-surgery recovery.

Australian Orthopaedic Association, President, Dr Lawrie Malisano said, “Rehabilitation is an extremely personal and individualistic experience where the success, speed and length of time can be influenced by several factors including, age, functional limitations, pre-existing injuries and trauma, associated co-mobidities and whether the patient has adequate support at home.
“The problem with recent research and analysis is that total knee replacement rehabilitation is hampered by a lack of clear evidence based clinical guidelines with respect to overall best practice for post-surgical rehabilitation. What we have now is that some hospitals are having more success at inpatient recovery while others are seeing more benefit using outpatient recovery programs.”

“It is clear that not everyone needs in-hospital rehabilitation. What is unclear is who benefits from in-home versus in-hospital rehabilitation. At this time, we just don’t have the data to be able to categorically say that a particularly sub-group of the Australian population benefits over another in regard to rehabilitation programs” Dr Malisano said.

A recent study into inpatient knee rehabilitation programs also called into question the competing interests of professionals examining the issue.

“The recent MJA article entitled Predictors of inpatient rehabilitation after total knee replacement: an analysis of private hospital claims data could be perceived as being a closed shop due to the authors alliances to Medibank.

“While the MJA article discloses the ‘competing interests’ of the authors, it does call into question MJA’s decision to publish the article, based on the real and perceived conflicts of interests and the closed sample size sourced from a single institution.

In its editorial guidelines, the MJA gives low priority to research from a single institution or research that has a small sample size. The fact that it chooses to publish an article that only quotes research from a single publicly listed institution and that is written by consultants paid by that very same institution is concerning.

As a profession, there is a lot of merit in developing clinical guidelines around knee rehabilitation, however greater rigor around research, transparency and data need to be developed to ensure effectiveness.” Dr Malisano said.

For further details:

Friday, September 28, 2018

Kinesiology 2018: Abstract submission deadline has been extended!

KINESIOLOGY 2018: Scientific perspectives for a better living and longer life

We are glad to have received numerous abstract submissions. Appreciating the strong interest, the deadline has been extended!

Final abstract submission closing date: Monday, October 10, 2018

Don’t miss this opportunity – be involved in the congress’ scientific programme by submitting your free paper and poster abstracts here.

"International Conference on Kinesiology and Biomechanics", will be organized around the theme “Scientific perspectives for a better living and longer life”.

Kinesiology 2018 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Kinesiology 2018.

Submit your abstract to any of the mentioned tracks.

Track 1:Advancements in Kinesiology & Biomechanics
Track 2:Yoga & Fitness as Physical Therapy
Track 3:Kinanthropometry
Track 4:Kinesiogenomics : The Genomic Era in Kinesiology
Track 5:Motor Imagery
Track 6:Movement Assessment
Track 7:Geriatric Physiotherapy:
Track 8:Hydrotherapy in physiotherapy
Track 9:Chiropractic Technique
Track 10:Manual Physiotherapy Strategies
Track 11:Occupational Therapies
Track 12:Womens Health & Palliative Care
Track 13:Kinesiological Stretching
Track 14:Orthopedics
Track 15:Methods of Rehabilitation(Neuropsychology)
Track 16:Movement Disorders
Track 17:Neuroplasticity
Track 18:Motor redundancy
Track 19:Musculoskeletal & Orthopedic Biomechanics
Track 20:Human factors engineering & Occupational Biomechanics
Track 21:Sports, Rehabilitation & Biomechanics
Track 22:Allometry
Track 23:Injury Biomechanics
Track 24:Biotribology
Track 25:Biofluid Mechanics & Fluidotherapy
Track 26:Comparative Biomechanics
Track 27:Computational Biomechanics

Register now for the Kinesiology 2018 conference by choosing an appropriate package suitable to you.

Forward your further queries:

Tuesday, September 25, 2018

Kinesiology 2018: Invitation to become a Media Partner

Presented by: American Physical Therapy Association and Singapore Medical Association Team

Sponsor: Conference Series LLC LTD

Kinesiology 2018 is a conference for executives in global marketing. If you’re an executive responsible for international market share, we hope you’ll join us in London for this first-time event. Come for the opportunity to learn cutting-edge global marketing trends and techniques and network with peers from around the world.

Physical Therapy Conference focuses on 4 key areas critical to global success:
Global Branding, Global Marketing Campaigns, Global Websites and Global Social Media.

As a Media Partner we seek your assistance with outreach and PR activities.
This would entail:
  1. Sending periodic emails to your contacts and mailing lists, and promoting the special discounted rate to your members.
  2. Including stories and information about Kinesiology 2018 in your newsletter or mailings
  3. Issuing press releases highlighting our collaboration.
  4. Making use of your social media channels to spread the word about Kinesiology 2018;
  5. Including the Kinesiology 2018 logo on your website, linking to the Conference website.
We will be sending you communications materials on a regular basis that you can use for this purpose. We expect you to cover at least 4 of the above-listed possibilities.

In return, we will do the following:

1.We will offer a special 10% discount code to your membership
2. As a media partner, you will be highlighted on the Kinesiology 2018 Website
3. As a media partner, we will include your logo and biography in the conference app.
4. We will link directly to your company website from Kinesiology 2018
5. As a media partner, you will be mentioned in our press releases.
6. As a media partner, you will also be mentioned in some of our social media communications.

Your opportunity

Through being a Media Partner for the conference you will link your organization to a unique global network of thinkers, leaders and doers in the field of global marketing and business.

As a gathering of representatives from business and other stakeholder groups – this conference is the place to be for any organisation aiming to position itself as a leader in the field of Global Marketing.

We are thankful to organizations like yours that are helping to increase awareness of global marketing issues. We truly hope you will join us in this global project.

For any questions on the role your company could play at Kinesiology 2018 Conference, please contact:

Event Manager
Gia Aaron | Kinesiology 2018

Monday, September 24, 2018

KINESIOLOGY 2018: Avail Early Bird Registration Before 28th September

The #spine is made up of bones called vertebrae, in between which are small fluid-filled discs. #Desiccation of those discs is a common disorder caused by the tissues becoming dehydrated.

The discs between the vertebrae in the spinal column absorb shock and impact and prevent the bones from rubbing against each other.

There are five different sections of the spine:

  • Cervical spine (neck): The first seven bones at the top of the neck.
  • Thoracic spine (mid back): The 12 bones below the cervical spine.
  • Lumbar spine (low back): The five bones below the thoracic spine.
  • Sacral spine: The five bones below the lumbar region.
  • Coccyx: The final four bones of the coccyx are fused together and support the pelvic floor.
Disc desiccation is a normal part of aging. The discs can become smaller and less flexible as they dehydrate, and can eventually start to break down or degenerate.

What are the symptoms?

The symptoms of desiccation depend on the area of the spine that is affected.

Cervical spine disc desiccation causes neck pain, while lumbar disc desiccation will cause pain in the lower back.

Other symptoms of disc desiccation include:
  • stiffness
  • weakness
  • burning or tingling sensation
  • numbness in the legs or feet
  • reduced or painful movement
  • sciatica
How is it diagnosed?

Disc desiccation and degenerative disc disease are among the most common causes of lower back pain.

Most people learn that they have this condition when they see their doctor about their pain. The doctor will start by taking a history and performing a physical exam.

In addition to asking about previous medical or surgical conditions, the doctor will want to know about the pain, including:
  • when it started
  • what makes it better
  • what makes it worse
  • the type of pain
  • how often it occurs
  • if it radiates to other areas
The doctor may feel the back, legs, and arms during the #physical_exam to determine where the pain is occurring or radiating too.

The doctor may move the arms and legs to see if there is a decrease in the range of motion, and test the strength of the various #muscles. Sensation in the limbs and deep tendon reflexes will also be tested.

A doctor will use all the information to figure out what area of the back or which particular disc may be affected.

Additional testing may be ordered after the initial visit, including:
  • X-ray
  • CT (computed tomography) scan
  • MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scan
  • These tests allow the doctor to look directly at the #bones and structure of the spine, including the shape and size of the discs.
Dessicated discs may appear smaller or thinner, and the #bones themselves may appear to have some damage if they are rubbing against each other.

For further details please visit