A person may have knee surgery to treat pain in the joint due to an injury, such as torn cartilage or a torn ligament. It can also treat other conditions, such as osteoarthritis, #rheumatoid_arthritis, and post-traumatic arthritis.
This article will look at the different types of knee surgery, the #rehabilitation timelines, and what people can do to help speed up the recovery process.
Types of knee surgery
There are various types of #knee_surgery. The type that a person has will depend on the particular injury to the knee joint.
Total knee replacement
A person who has #osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis may require #knee_replacement surgery.
This is the most common kind of knee surgery for #arthritis. The operation involves replacing the whole joint. Surgeons only undertake total knee replacement surgery as a last resort, often when the joint is irreparable, the damage interferes with everyday life, and other treatments do not alleviate the pain.
More than 600,000 knee replacements take place in the United States every year.
During the procedure, a surgeon will remove the joint and replace it with one made from metal, ceramic, or plastic.
Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgery that involves making a small cut in the skin over the knee, inserting a small light, and using small instruments to diagnose and treat knee problems, including:
- removing or repairing torn menisci, which are part of the cartilage in the knee joint
- repairing a torn cruciate ligament inside the knee
- trimming torn pieces of joint cartilage
- removing loose bodies, which are small fragments of cartilage or bone floating inside the knee
- removing an inflamed joint lining
This is an operation that involves the #surgeon cutting, reshaping, and repositioning the bones to take some weight off the damaged part of the knee.
Sometimes, surgeons carry out this procedure to help correct a broken bone that has not healed properly.
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